The basic problems of language and learning are as follows:-
1. Language Transfer
It implies the interference of the mother tongue in the second language learning. Generally, learners apply knowledge of their native language to learn a second language and this might cause problems in internalizing the target language.
2. Cultural Difference
Sometimes cultural differences can cause confusion and cultural misunderstanding which may lead to communication problem to the native speaker.
3. Implications in the Classroom
It is necessary that the strategies used by learners to learn a second language is taken into consideration. It is beleived that language always begins with a silent period. Therefore learners need to practice listening in order to learn language.
4. Lack of Curiosity
Attitude can be key factor in the progress of language learning. Students who are curious enough to know about the target cultural and the language are mere receptive to language learning.
5. Rigid Thinking
It has been found that student with low tolerance tend to struggle because language learning involves a great deal of uncertainity. Until native like fluency is achieved, there will always be some amount of ambiguity therefore student’s not able to tolerate it will lay behind.
6. A Single Method
Language learners using multiple methods get to practice preference skills and concepts and therefore gets variety. Therefore, such learners are always attend an advantage than the one’s practicing at a single method.
To learn, improve and use the target language, we need to speak. Learners who are hasitant and shy always suffer from insecurity and thus cannot proceed. We need the courage to speak and make mistakes because such mistakes will show them the limits of language learning and also paves the way for correcting of errors before they become fixed in the minds.