Scientific Foundation is an important topic for B.Ed students. Read the full article to get the notes.
Science and Scientific Literacy
By studying science, the learner will be able to better understand the natural phenomenon, and to scrutinise relationships and work out problems in scientific, technological and environmental perspectives. There are many branches of science under two broad heads- Physical and Natural Science.
Scientific literacy is an evolving combination of the science related attitudes, skills and knowledge that students need to develop inquiry, problem-solving and decision-making abilities to become lifelong learner.
i.It helps to maintain a sense of wonder about the world around.
ii.It enables students to use science and technology to acquire new knowledge to solve problems.
Iii.It prepares students to critically address issues of science, society, economy and environment.
iv.It provides students with a base in science that creates opportunities for them to pursue higher education.
v.It prepare them for science-related occupations, and engages them in science-related hobbies appropriate to their interests and abilities.
The Scientific method allows for the formulation of scientific theories and principles. Some part of science education consist of learning about these theories and trace their operation in the world. In Science, a theory is defined by the principles of the scientific method. The following are the feature of scientific theory—
i, A Scientific theory must be logically consistent and lead to verifiable predictions.
ii. The potency of a scientific theory lies in the accuracy of such predictions.
The acquisition of scientific knowledge and ideas requires fundamental skills in language, arts and mathematics. Students pursuing the science content reflected in the standards and described in this framework need to master the grade level standards in these three-language, arts and mathematics.
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It is clear from the above discussion that the education has an aim of developing scientific attitude and temper among learners. All these things should be there in mind while designing and structuring the curriculum, Content, learning experiences, teaching methods and related strategies, evaluation etc. must be in accordance with the scientific principles, considering the priorities in teaching and learning.